The world is filled with people suffering from multiple types of mental disorders. We are familiar with the more popular mental disorders such as depression, ADHD, and bipolar disorder. However, there are many disorders that we are not familiar with. We've compiled a list of the most rare and unknown mental disorders in the world today. Check it out!
1. Stockholm Syndrome
You develop a relationship with your captor regardless of the horrible things they have put you through. It's so ironic that it's interesting. How can you ever have sympathy for someone that is hurting you? Domestic violence, rape, and child abuse are some of the instances where Stockholm Syndrome occurs. What a horrible way to live? If you really think about, Beauty and the Beast displays this syndrome through the character Belle.
Stockholm Syndrome has been seen as a type of traumatic bonding where the individual becomes a victim, so they can cope with the situation at hand. When the victim coincides their values with the aggressor, the victim is seen as less of a threat. Symptoms of this syndrome include positive feelings towards captor, negative feelings towards rescuers, supporting the captor, and the desire of the victim not to be rescued. The effects of Stockholm doesn't end when your time with the captor is over. You still care about your captor even when they're locked up. Psychiatric help and the support of family will help you get through this traumatic time in your life.
2. Lima Syndrome
The captor has sympathy for the hostages and does what they can to make them feel comfortable. Well if you're ever held captive, you can only hope you're lucky enough to get the one who has Lima Syndrome. What makes this syndrome interesting is that you don't normally think of a captor as someone who cares about their hostages. You usually think of a captor as someone who only cares about their own well being. It just doesn't make sense to you. Well it makes sense to the captor.
Lima Syndrome is usually the person in charge of the whole hostage situation. They don't want to hurt innocent people. They set out to get what they want without any casualties. This syndrome came to light because of the abduction of the Japanese Ambassador's Residence in Lima, Peru in 1996. Jail time is a likely possibility even if your intentions where to not harm your captors because you're still committing a crime. Psychiatric care is how a person can get better in no time.
3. Diogenes Syndrome
This syndrome occurs when you neglect yourself. You want to be alone with your hoarding. It can be found in people in old age. You're deteriorating in your own filth. What an awful way to live your life? Help is out there, but you have to want it in order to receive it.
Diogenes Syndrome also involves apathy and lack of shame of the situation you're in. This syndrome is created out of stress that you experience much later in life. You're possessive of what's around you, and there maybe some damage to your prefrontal area of the brain that make decisions. It doesn't necessarily effect people in poverty because people from a stable household can have this syndrome. You're smart, but you can be aggressive, stubborn, suspicious of others, unpredictable in your mood wings, unstable in your emotions, and have a deformed perception of reality. As a patient your unhealthy lifestyle needs to be changed dramatically so your well being can be taken care of by maturing your physical and mental state as well as being socialized.
4. Paris Syndrome
This disorder is quite unusual, and you've probably never heard of it unless you're a professional. Paris Syndrome occurs when a Japanese tourist like yourself goes to Paris and experiences a mental breakdown. A lot of people suffer from this syndrome and have had to return home because they don't feel well. They can't deal with how different this culture is from theirs, and they shut down as a result. It's very unfortunate. How can you ever get over this syndrome?
Paris Syndrome symptoms include acute delusional states, hallucinations, feelings of persecution, aggression, anxiety, sweating, and so much more. The French and Japanese language is so different from one another and the meaning and substance when the language is translated can be confusing to the Japanese. French language is so informal while Japanese language is formal, and some Japanese people can't seem to get past it. The reality of the images of Japan are so ingrained that the images of Paris can't be reconciled. As a visitor to Paris you've spent so much time overbooking, suffering from jet lag, and cramming to many experiences in Paris, and jet lag, that you're so exhausted and psychological spent. Through bed rest and hydration you will be as good as new.
5. Stendhal Syndrome
Don't stare at a painting too long. You never know how it will effect your mind. Rapid heartbeat, confusion, and hallucinations occur when you are exposed to beautiful paintings or the beauty of the world. It doesn't sound so bad until you experiences the side effects of this syndrome. What an usual mental disorder? How can a beautiful piece of art or the beauty of the world bring out the worst in you?
Stendhal Syndrome also known as hyperkulturemia, not only creates physical symptoms but psychological and emotional reactions to art. The syndrome commonly occurs in the art of Florence, Italy. It is advised by experts to not take to much art in when visiting Florence. Include sporting events and dinning into your time of viewing art as to be not to overwhelmed by the art. The syndrome is created by trying to experience too many things at one time. You develop stressful symptoms that you have to be hospitalized for and antidepressants along with therapy will return you to your normal self.
6. Jerusalem Syndrome
When Homer Simpson went to Jerusalem, he experienced this syndrome. This syndrome occurs when people come to Jerusalem and are triggered with psychotic delusions, constant religious ideas, and other experiences that don't last for a long period of time. Usually people who travel to Jerusalem all ready have some kind of mental disorder before they even arrive. At least it isn't a life long disorder like the others on this list. You'll be fine in a couple of weeks. Thank goodness!
The Jerusalem Syndrome happens, and you suddenly believe you are God or someone from the Bible. Many people have thought they were John the Baptist, the Virgin Mary, and the Messiah. People who practice Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are affected by this syndrome. The syndrome was found by Dr. Yair Bar-El and has been treated in many patients. You don't have to have a mental disorder to experience Jerusalem Syndrome because you can be sane one minute and in an hour later be walking the desert, believing your are someone you're not. With time, medical care, and drugs the delusion will wear off
7. Capgras Delusion
You believe your loved ones have been replaced by an identical looking impostor. It can occur beside other mental disorders like schizophrenia. Paranoia is also a factor in Capgras Delusion, and this mental disorder has inspired many books and movies. This has to be a frightening delusion to live with on a daily basis, never knowing if your spouse or family member are who they say they are. It can be an overwhelming way to live. You can;t trust anyone.
Capgras Delusion is a class of delusion where you not only misidentify people but places and objects as well. Acute, transient, or chronic are some of the forms this delusion occurs in. It can happen in people who have a brain injury, dementia, and have a neurodegenerative disease. Therapy can treat the patient's delusions. This treatment requires a lot of persistence by empathizing with the patient and not giving into the delusion. Cognitive therapy along with antipsychotics have been successful.
8. Fregoli Delusion
You believe different people are one person who changes their appearance with disguises. How unusual is that? It's a kind of paranoia delusion where you can't trust the people around you. What a scary way to live? How does your brain even come up with this delusion? That's the real interesting question.
People with Fregoli delusion believe they are being persecuted by the person in multiple disguises. They also replicate objects, places, and events with inaccuracy. Symptoms include visual memory deficit, deficit in self monitoring, self-awareness, executive functions, cognitive flexibility, history of seizure activity, and hallucinations. Levodopa treatment, fusiform gyrus, and abnormal P300 are some of the causes of this delusion. When the delusion has been identified, pharmacotherapy comes right after. Antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, and antidepressants are great course of treatment for this delusion.
9. Cotard Delusion
You believe you're dead. If that's the case, then why can't you pass through objects. Oh right it's a delusional disorder. You may also believe that you don't exist or that you're immortal. It can be a dangerous way to live, but it's interesting how your brain can trick you into believing you're dead. No you're not a zombie from The Walking Dead but you can dream.
With Cotard delusion you believe you don't exist as a person. You also believe you are putrefying and have lost blood and internal organs. The main signs and symptoms of Cotard is the delusion of negation. The stages of the syndrome include the germination stage, the blooming stage, and the chronic stage. First psychotic depression and hypochondria occurs, then the syndrome appears along with the delusions of negation, and finally the delusions become more severe along with depression. Pharmacology treatments like antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizing drugs have been successful as well as electroconvulsive therapy.
10. Reduplicative Paramnesia
The Truman Show movie covers this disorder pretty well. It's probably the most interesting disorder because you believe that a place has been identically made, or it has been moved to another area. For instance you may think that the house you're living in now is not the house you've been living in for a few years. You think you're in an identical house that is far from your original home, but that is not the case. How confusing is that? It's pretty abnormal, that's for sure.
Reduplicative paramnesia is rare and can occur from brain injury to the cerebral hemisphere and to both frontal lobes. People with stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, tumor, dementia, and other psychiatric disorders have been reported to have this disorder. It is thought that reduplicative paramnesia occurs when there's a disruption in the brain when it comes to memory and familiarity. It has also been thought that damage to the ventral stream of the visual system results in disorientation and poor memory integration in people with the disorder. Symptoms include confabulation, speech disorder, disorientation, denial of illness, autoscopy, heautoscopy, out of body experiences, and amnesia. There is no effective treatment for this disorder.
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It's likely that the women in your day to day life are pretty "normal" in appearance. So when you see someone whose appearance differs from what you expect it to be, it can be kind of a shock. The ladies in the following slideshow are definitely far from average. Some of these women spent thousands of dollars on plastic surgery, tattoos, or body piercings. Others are born with strange birth defects such as excessive facial hair, a gigantic butt or even an 8 inch tongue. See for yourself!
Lauren Williams: 4 Foot Long Legs
Lauren Williams has the longest-known legs in the United States, with her eye-catching limbs measuring an incredible 49 inches from hip to heel. Lauren's height and long-legged genes can be attributed to her family as her father, mother and twin sisters are all 6ft or taller.
She has US size 11 feet (UK size 10), and revealed that she can find it tricky to buy clothes that fit. When modelling, single Lauren - who has worked on campaigns for global brands such as Nike - does everything from sports and fitness to high fashion and swimwear.
Having played volleyball in college, as well as being extremely active, Lauren also enjoys shooting sporty campaigns. As well as modelling, Lauren works as an educator at a children's museum in Houston and enjoys travelling. When out and about, her striking looks and long limbs mean she gets comments about her legs on a daily basis.
Pixee Fox: Dangerously Small Waist
Swedish born Pixee Fox had already spent more than $80,000 on plastic surgery attempting to sculpt the perfect hourglass figure. But now she has taken her obsession even further by having 6 of her lower ribs removed - so she can shrink her waist to a record-breaking 14 inches. Pixee, from Sweden, said: "People often come up to me and say, "don't take this the wrong way, but you look like a cartoon" - but for me that's a compliment, that's what I want to achieve.
With 6 of her lower ribs removed, Pixee's lower internal organs, including the liver, have lost some of their natural protection - but she isn't worried. She said: "Before if I was in a car crash I would normally break my ribs. If that happened now I'm probably going to break my spleen instead. In total she has had four rhinoplasties costing $14,000; four breast augmentations of 200cc, 525cc, 800cc and 1400cc costing $28,500; two rounds of liposuction at $5,000; two upper eyelid surgeries at $6,000; a labiaplasty costing $4,000; a Brazilian butt lift at $9,000 and cool-sculpting, cheek injections, and lip injections at about $12,000.
Bethany Hamilton: One Armed Pro Surfer
Bethany Meilani Hamilton-Dirks is an American professional surfer who survived a 2003 shark attack in which her left arm was bitten off, but ultimately returned to-and was victorious in-professional surfing. On October 31, 2003 Hamilton, aged 13 at the time, went for a morning surf along Tunnels Beach, Kauai, with best friend Alana Blanchard, Alana's father, Holt, and brother Byron. Around 7:30 a.m., with numerous turtles in the area, she was lying on her surfboard with her left arm dangling in the water, when a 14-foot tiger shark attacked her, severing her left arm just below the shoulder.
Despite the trauma of the incident, Hamilton was determined to return to surfing. Three weeks after the incident, she returned to her board. Initially, she adopted a custom-made board that was longer and slightly thicker than standard and had a handle for her right arm, making it easier to paddle, and she learned to kick more to make up for the loss of her left arm. After teaching herself to surf with one arm, on January 10, 2004, she entered a major competition. She now uses standard competitive performance short-boards. The broken surfboard that Hamilton was riding during the attack is on display at the California Surf Museum
Mayra Hills: World's Largest Fake Breasts
Mayra Hills - also known as Beshine - measures at 59-28-36 and says she's the proud owner of the world's largest fake breasts. And it's not hard to believe her claim to fame, considering each of her breasts have 10,000 cc of saline implants and weigh 20 pounds a piece! As you can imagine, it's difficult for Beshine, who wears a size 32Z bra, to find clothes that fit, so the German-born woman has a lot of her items custom-made.
But bra shopping isn't her only woe. She can no longer tie her own shoes and has run into trouble when she's knocked things over with her chest - but it appears she's satisfied with her body, troubles and all. "Some people maybe think the sheer size of my t-ts bring too many handicaps in my everyday life, but hey, having big boob problems is amazing," she wrote on her blog.
Anastasiya Shpagina: Real Life Anime Girl
It's official, this real-life anime trend has gotten completely out of hand. Hardly a day goes by that we don't stumble upon some photos of girls going to any lengths in order to look like real live anime characters. Today's example, Anastasiya Shpagina, an Ukrainian girl who has even taken a Japanese name - Fukkacumi. 19-year-old Anastasiya (Nastya) Shpagina has been called "the new Barbie" by national news outlets, but she later revealed she's striving to become a real-life Japanese anime character, not a doll. She even posted "I am not like a doll, a doll is like me."
Apparently, Nastya has been passionate about makeup even as a young child, always experimenting with it in the mirror. Over time she also developed a thing for Japanese cartoons and it was only a matter of time before she started using her make-up artist skills to transform herself into a real-life anime girl. But just putting on makeup wasn't enough to attain that coveted look, so she decided to lose weight in order to seem more genuine. At 1.58-meters-tall, Anastasiya weighs just 39 kilos and is trying to lose one more in order to look just right.
Chanel Tapper: World's Longest Tongue
The longest female tongue measures 9.75 cm (3.8 in) from the tip to the middle of lip and was achieved by Chanel Tappe on 29 September 2010. Chanel, from Houston, US, shot to fame aged 13 when she was spotted sticking out her monster tongue in a YouTube video. In September Guinness invited Chanel to Los Angeles where they measured her tongue and she narrowly beat two other female contenders to the record.
She said: "I have always been silly and goofy. I love sticking my tongue out at people. I started doing that back in school. I've never had a problem with having a long tongue, it's just fun." Chanel now has set her sights set on Hollywood after finishing her studies. She said: "I'd love to be in a movie. I'm certainly pretty dramatic, so I think I could have the acting gift. "Really, I'd love to meet Adam Sandler, he's my favorite."
Sarah Massey: World's Largest Butt
Sarah Massey would be just another 33-year-old mother-of-two from Chicago - if it weren't for the fact that she also happens to have the world's biggest butt. Though not officially recognized by the prudes at Guinness, Massey's massive 7-foot wide keister requires a pair of 10XL trousers that would comfortably fit all of the Kardashian sisters combined.
Massey insists the condition that resulted in her museum-sized bubble butt is hereditary - "there's nothing I can do about it," she says - but that her love of ice cream certainly contributed to its maintenance. Massey would still like to lose some weight, but says she now has a new-found appreciation for her natural assets, and fervently defends them against anyone who calls them fake. "Some people can't believe one person can have this much butt," she told Barcroft. "Because I've got a relatively small frame on top they say, 'that can't be real.' I carry this weight with me all the time, everywhere I go, it's definitely not fake. Big booties are just in my blood."
Zlata: Extreme Flexibility
Russian-born former gymnast Zlata, 29, posed in leather and lingerie to adopt a series of poses that seem to defy every law of biology. Zlata, who now lives in Germany, is able to create astounding shapes with her body and is so flexible she can cram herself into a 50cm square box. One of her favorite acts is to bend backwards at a 90 degree angle, so the back half of her hands touch her feet and she can also peer through her own legs from behind.
Zlata's gift of flexibility was discovered when she was four years old and by six she was training as a contortionist at a circus school. She has a rare condition which makes all her tendons extremely pliable, which helps in her profession. The former gymnast now spends most of her day working out and training for shows around the world. In 2011 she set the Guinness World Record for the most beer bottles opened in a minute using only your feet.
Kim Goodman: Eyeball Protrusion
Kim Goodman is a woman who is able to pop her eyes out of her eye sockets by 12 millimeters (0.47 inches). She holds the world record for the farthest eyeball protrusion. She lives in Chicago, Illinois. She discovered her eyeball popping talent one day when she was hit on the head with a hockey mask. Her eyeballs popped out much further than usual and ever since that day she could pop them out on cue, as well as when she yawns.
She has appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman. In 2004, Goodman was included by Guinness World Records in their 50th anniversary list of top ten "feats" of all time. Kim originally had the record for being able to extend her eye balls beyond her eye sockets by 10mm. This was matched a few years by a new contender, but when Kim was re-measured she found she could now reach 12mm - breaking her own record and keeping the title.
Natalia Partyka: One Armed Table Tennis Champ
Natalia Partyka (born 27 July 1989) is a Polish table tennis player. Born without a right hand and forearm, she participates in competitions for able-bodied athletes as well as in competitions for athletes with disabilities. Partyka reached the last 32 of the London 2012 Olympic women's table tennis. Partyka began playing table tennis at the age of seven. She won her first international table tennis medal in 1999 at the disabled World Championships. At the age of 11, she competed at the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, becoming the world's youngest ever Paralympian. In 2004, she won a gold medal in the singles event and silver in the team event at the Athens Paralympics.
Partyka competed for Poland both the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing - one of only two athletes to do so, the other being Natalie du Toit in swimming. They were her third Paralympic Games, and her first Olympics. Competing in class 10 at the Beijing Paralympics, she won gold by defeating China's Fan Lei by three sets to nil. In 2008, she won a gold medal in the singles event and a silver in the team event at the Beijing Paralympics, repeating her Athens Paralympics result.