You don't often think of a cold place to travel to when you're on vacation. Think again. Antarctica is probably one of the last places you would even consider but don't cut it out just yet. Antarctica has many attractions that will inspire the adventurer in you to step outside your comfort zone. While it is a cold continent, you will not be sorry by what you see on your exploration. See Antarctica today!
1. Mount Erebus
You've climbed every mountain you can think of, but you haven't climbed this one. As you gather your gear and make your way up the mountain, the cold air will hit you right away. How refreshing! It's a beautiful breathtaking view when you finally reach the top. While you're exhausted and cold from the climb, you're proud that you've crossed Mt. Erebus offer your list. You've conquered the mountain.
Mount Erebus was discovered by explorer Sir James Clark Ross on January 27, 1841. It is a volcano in Antarctica that is 12,448 ft in elevation. It has been continuously active since 1972 and is the most active volcano in Antarctica. There are two camp sites you can find on the volcano, the Upper Summit Camp and Lower Camp E, and they have been recognized as historical sites and monuments. The low volcanic activity of Mount Erebus allows volcanologists to study the Strombolian eruptive system. Just because it has low activity doesn't mean you can't take precautions to be safe because you're still on a volcano after all.
2. Canada Glacier
Odds are you've never seen anything this big before. It's a dense piece of ice that floats on its own weight and is formed by the accumulation of snow. Amazing, isn't it? This majestic glacier will have you taking out your camera and taking dozens of pictures to show your friends when you get back home. It's mind blowing how big glaciers like the Canada Glacier can get, and you know it won't always be the same size forever. The memory will be something you will never forget.
The Canada Glacier flows southeast towards Taylor Valley in Victorian Land, Antarctica. The snowfall received by this glacier is 10 cm every year. This desert ecosystem, and it's melting season gives water to Lake Hoare and Lake Fryxell. The glacier was explored during the Terra Nova Expedition from 1910 to 1913. It was lead by Robert Wright, a physicist. Canada Glacier is also a protected area of ice under the Antarctica Treaty System because it has life living on it that you'll only get to see from a touring boat.
3. Blue Ice
The Blue Ice is mesmerizing in Antarctica. Of course it is only the result of ice freezing over the water but the blue is so beautiful that you just want to reach out and touch it. The sheer size will make you feel so small. A picture won't do it justice. You have to travel to Antarctica and see the ice for yourself. Don't miss it or you'll be sorry!
Blue ice is formed when snow ends up on a glacier, it then becomes compressed and part of the glacier. The air bubbles are forced out and the ice crystals become larger, creating the blue ice. The blue ice is blue for the same reason the water is blue. It is possible because of the overtone of the oxygen-hydrogen bond stretch in the water that absorbs the light at the red end of the visible spectrum. It's an amazing process you can't even see. All the reason to see blue ice up close and personal.
4. Transantarctic Mountains
Whether they are snow covered or bare, these are mountains you will want to climb to experience Antarctica. If you're lucky enough to bring your camera, you will be able to capture spectacular views of the snow covered world that is Antarctica. Be careful of avalanches! You'll be thrilled that you made it to the top in one piece. Sure the cold was a nuisance the whole way to the top but you can't experience this type of journey anywhere else. The mountain is yours to conquer.
The Transantarctic Mountains is located in Victoria Land near Cape Roberts and elevated at 14,856 ft. It's a mountain range that stretches from Cape Adare to to Coasts Land. They divide east Antarctica from west Antarctica and is the longest mountain range on Earth. Its sedentary layers are sandstones, siltstones, and coal. In 1841 these mountains were discovered by Captain James Ross. The name of this mountain range came to be by the US-ACAN committee in 1962 and is still accepted today.
When you think of icebergs, what comes to mind first? Titanic. Good try but the answer is Antarctica obviously. Icebergs come in all shapes and sizes so one will not look like the others. An iceberg is a part of a glacier that breaks off and floats freely in the water. While learning about icebergs isn't exactly fun, seeing them in person makes you feel so small and at same time amazed by the gigantic, floating pieces of ice.
Icebergs live near the shore in some cases, but you can seem them floating almost anywhere in Antarctica. A bird called the Skuas can be found resting on these icebergs. They can weight from 100 tons to billions of tons. Icebergs become so big because they grow over long periods of time. An iceberg can stem from glacial as well as ice shelf origin. The tip is 1/5th to 1/7th on the surface of the water, and this can be dangerous because it is much bigger beneath the surface and ships passing by can become damaged and potentially sink.
6. Albert P. Crary Science and Engineering Center
It isn't the most attractive looking center from the outside but the inside is a whole different story. This 4,320 square meters facility holds a biology, earth sciences, and atmospheric sciences pods as well as an aquarium. Wow! It was named after a geophysicist and glaciologist Albert P. Crary for his achievements in 1991 by the National Science Foundation. This science and engineering center is where new discoveries are made. How exciting is that?
The Albert P. Crary Science and Engineering Center is located at McMurdo Station. The working conditions and access to modern technology makes this place ideal for scientific research. Plans for this building started in 1984 where the design and science requirements were met. It was built to withstand the cold of Antarctica and open to change in the future. All the pods were completed by 1993. The center would have never been possible without the funds of the National Science Foundation.
7. Aurora Australis
If the lights in the sky of Antarctica doesn't get you here, then nothing else will. The sky experiences different colors of light depending on what's going on in the environment of the atmosphere. It's a natural light that will not only amaze and astound you, but it also is a great, romantic setting for couples. You have to travel to Antarctica to see this. There is no ifs, ands, or buts about it. Get going, what are you waiting for?
Aurora Australis is also known as the southern lights. It is a curtain of light, a sheet, or a diffuse glow in the sky. Green and red are just some of the colors you will see. Its usually ranges from 100 km to 500 km in height. This southern hemisphere attraction is at its strongest as an oval on the magnetic pole when it's centered. It can be seen at the Amundsen Scott South Pole Station.
8. Observation Hill
What better place to observe Antarctica then on a 754 foot hill? It is located next to McMurdo Station and is often called the "Ob Hill." You can bring friends and family with you to experience the environment and to take pictures that will last forever. Observation Hill overlooks the buildings below and also gives you a good view of the continent. You can't beat that! Just say yes to Antarctica!
The Observation Hill is a great hill to climb not only to see great views but to see the refreshing clear skies of Antarctica. The Memorial Cross on the hill is a popular landmark for tourists to visit. Its historical significance is tragic, and the cross honors the members of the Robert Falcon Scott's party who died. Their bodies were found by a search party led by Dr. Edward Atkinson. It was recognized as a historical site in 1972 by the Antarctic Treaty Signatories. It's history is worth traveling to Antarctica.
9. McMurdo Station
This is the station you see as you're standing on the observation hill. From the hill it looks so intricate and different then when you're seeing McMurdo Station close up. It's a polar research organization where cargo passes through this station first from Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. It sounds like a lot of hard work. It is a place of science and research that you won't be able to fully experience if you don't discover this station for yourself. Make your way to the station today!
The McMurdo Station is located on Ross Island. It is run by the US through the United States Antarctic Program, which is a part of the National Science Foundation. The community is large and can inhabit 1,258 residents. Most inhabitants are scientists as well as station personnel. They are a part of the USAP that offers research and operational support when needed. It's a scientific facility that includes a harbor, airfields, a heliport, and more than 100 buildings to discover.
10. Antarctic Ocean
It's a wide cold ocean that you can only appreciate on a boat. There are so many animals to see and so may pictures to take that you'll run out of film before you even get to the shore. It's a big, big ocean out there and odds are you won't be able to explore every part. You'll see glaciers as tall as buildings and icebergs floating right past you, and you know you'll never forget your time in Antarctica. Your life will never be the same. Antarctica will never be the same.
The Antarctic Ocean surrounds the continent of Antarctica. It is the fourth largest body of water in the world. There are some scientist that don't believe that the ocean shouldn't be classified as a body of water. They believe it should be a part of the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean. It is said to be between 4,000 to 5,000 depths. It was created when the tectonic plates moved apart, opening Drake Passage, which gave way to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current to come to life, making the Antarctic Ocean what it is today.
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It's likely that the women in your day to day life are pretty "normal" in appearance. So when you see someone whose appearance differs from what you expect it to be, it can be kind of a shock. The ladies in the following slideshow are definitely far from average. Some of these women spent thousands of dollars on plastic surgery, tattoos, or body piercings. Others are born with strange birth defects such as excessive facial hair, a gigantic butt or even an 8 inch tongue. See for yourself!
Lauren Williams: 4 Foot Long Legs
Lauren Williams has the longest-known legs in the United States, with her eye-catching limbs measuring an incredible 49 inches from hip to heel. Lauren's height and long-legged genes can be attributed to her family as her father, mother and twin sisters are all 6ft or taller.
She has US size 11 feet (UK size 10), and revealed that she can find it tricky to buy clothes that fit. When modelling, single Lauren - who has worked on campaigns for global brands such as Nike - does everything from sports and fitness to high fashion and swimwear.
Having played volleyball in college, as well as being extremely active, Lauren also enjoys shooting sporty campaigns. As well as modelling, Lauren works as an educator at a children's museum in Houston and enjoys travelling. When out and about, her striking looks and long limbs mean she gets comments about her legs on a daily basis.
Pixee Fox: Dangerously Small Waist
Swedish born Pixee Fox had already spent more than $80,000 on plastic surgery attempting to sculpt the perfect hourglass figure. But now she has taken her obsession even further by having 6 of her lower ribs removed - so she can shrink her waist to a record-breaking 14 inches. Pixee, from Sweden, said: "People often come up to me and say, "don't take this the wrong way, but you look like a cartoon" - but for me that's a compliment, that's what I want to achieve.
With 6 of her lower ribs removed, Pixee's lower internal organs, including the liver, have lost some of their natural protection - but she isn't worried. She said: "Before if I was in a car crash I would normally break my ribs. If that happened now I'm probably going to break my spleen instead. In total she has had four rhinoplasties costing $14,000; four breast augmentations of 200cc, 525cc, 800cc and 1400cc costing $28,500; two rounds of liposuction at $5,000; two upper eyelid surgeries at $6,000; a labiaplasty costing $4,000; a Brazilian butt lift at $9,000 and cool-sculpting, cheek injections, and lip injections at about $12,000.
Bethany Hamilton: One Armed Pro Surfer
Bethany Meilani Hamilton-Dirks is an American professional surfer who survived a 2003 shark attack in which her left arm was bitten off, but ultimately returned to-and was victorious in-professional surfing. On October 31, 2003 Hamilton, aged 13 at the time, went for a morning surf along Tunnels Beach, Kauai, with best friend Alana Blanchard, Alana's father, Holt, and brother Byron. Around 7:30 a.m., with numerous turtles in the area, she was lying on her surfboard with her left arm dangling in the water, when a 14-foot tiger shark attacked her, severing her left arm just below the shoulder.
Despite the trauma of the incident, Hamilton was determined to return to surfing. Three weeks after the incident, she returned to her board. Initially, she adopted a custom-made board that was longer and slightly thicker than standard and had a handle for her right arm, making it easier to paddle, and she learned to kick more to make up for the loss of her left arm. After teaching herself to surf with one arm, on January 10, 2004, she entered a major competition. She now uses standard competitive performance short-boards. The broken surfboard that Hamilton was riding during the attack is on display at the California Surf Museum
Mayra Hills: World's Largest Fake Breasts
Mayra Hills - also known as Beshine - measures at 59-28-36 and says she's the proud owner of the world's largest fake breasts. And it's not hard to believe her claim to fame, considering each of her breasts have 10,000 cc of saline implants and weigh 20 pounds a piece! As you can imagine, it's difficult for Beshine, who wears a size 32Z bra, to find clothes that fit, so the German-born woman has a lot of her items custom-made.
But bra shopping isn't her only woe. She can no longer tie her own shoes and has run into trouble when she's knocked things over with her chest - but it appears she's satisfied with her body, troubles and all. "Some people maybe think the sheer size of my t-ts bring too many handicaps in my everyday life, but hey, having big boob problems is amazing," she wrote on her blog.
Anastasiya Shpagina: Real Life Anime Girl
It's official, this real-life anime trend has gotten completely out of hand. Hardly a day goes by that we don't stumble upon some photos of girls going to any lengths in order to look like real live anime characters. Today's example, Anastasiya Shpagina, an Ukrainian girl who has even taken a Japanese name - Fukkacumi. 19-year-old Anastasiya (Nastya) Shpagina has been called "the new Barbie" by national news outlets, but she later revealed she's striving to become a real-life Japanese anime character, not a doll. She even posted "I am not like a doll, a doll is like me."
Apparently, Nastya has been passionate about makeup even as a young child, always experimenting with it in the mirror. Over time she also developed a thing for Japanese cartoons and it was only a matter of time before she started using her make-up artist skills to transform herself into a real-life anime girl. But just putting on makeup wasn't enough to attain that coveted look, so she decided to lose weight in order to seem more genuine. At 1.58-meters-tall, Anastasiya weighs just 39 kilos and is trying to lose one more in order to look just right.
Chanel Tapper: World's Longest Tongue
The longest female tongue measures 9.75 cm (3.8 in) from the tip to the middle of lip and was achieved by Chanel Tappe on 29 September 2010. Chanel, from Houston, US, shot to fame aged 13 when she was spotted sticking out her monster tongue in a YouTube video. In September Guinness invited Chanel to Los Angeles where they measured her tongue and she narrowly beat two other female contenders to the record.
She said: "I have always been silly and goofy. I love sticking my tongue out at people. I started doing that back in school. I've never had a problem with having a long tongue, it's just fun." Chanel now has set her sights set on Hollywood after finishing her studies. She said: "I'd love to be in a movie. I'm certainly pretty dramatic, so I think I could have the acting gift. "Really, I'd love to meet Adam Sandler, he's my favorite."
Sarah Massey: World's Largest Butt
Sarah Massey would be just another 33-year-old mother-of-two from Chicago - if it weren't for the fact that she also happens to have the world's biggest butt. Though not officially recognized by the prudes at Guinness, Massey's massive 7-foot wide keister requires a pair of 10XL trousers that would comfortably fit all of the Kardashian sisters combined.
Massey insists the condition that resulted in her museum-sized bubble butt is hereditary - "there's nothing I can do about it," she says - but that her love of ice cream certainly contributed to its maintenance. Massey would still like to lose some weight, but says she now has a new-found appreciation for her natural assets, and fervently defends them against anyone who calls them fake. "Some people can't believe one person can have this much butt," she told Barcroft. "Because I've got a relatively small frame on top they say, 'that can't be real.' I carry this weight with me all the time, everywhere I go, it's definitely not fake. Big booties are just in my blood."
Zlata: Extreme Flexibility
Russian-born former gymnast Zlata, 29, posed in leather and lingerie to adopt a series of poses that seem to defy every law of biology. Zlata, who now lives in Germany, is able to create astounding shapes with her body and is so flexible she can cram herself into a 50cm square box. One of her favorite acts is to bend backwards at a 90 degree angle, so the back half of her hands touch her feet and she can also peer through her own legs from behind.
Zlata's gift of flexibility was discovered when she was four years old and by six she was training as a contortionist at a circus school. She has a rare condition which makes all her tendons extremely pliable, which helps in her profession. The former gymnast now spends most of her day working out and training for shows around the world. In 2011 she set the Guinness World Record for the most beer bottles opened in a minute using only your feet.
Kim Goodman: Eyeball Protrusion
Kim Goodman is a woman who is able to pop her eyes out of her eye sockets by 12 millimeters (0.47 inches). She holds the world record for the farthest eyeball protrusion. She lives in Chicago, Illinois. She discovered her eyeball popping talent one day when she was hit on the head with a hockey mask. Her eyeballs popped out much further than usual and ever since that day she could pop them out on cue, as well as when she yawns.
She has appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman. In 2004, Goodman was included by Guinness World Records in their 50th anniversary list of top ten "feats" of all time. Kim originally had the record for being able to extend her eye balls beyond her eye sockets by 10mm. This was matched a few years by a new contender, but when Kim was re-measured she found she could now reach 12mm - breaking her own record and keeping the title.
Natalia Partyka: One Armed Table Tennis Champ
Natalia Partyka (born 27 July 1989) is a Polish table tennis player. Born without a right hand and forearm, she participates in competitions for able-bodied athletes as well as in competitions for athletes with disabilities. Partyka reached the last 32 of the London 2012 Olympic women's table tennis. Partyka began playing table tennis at the age of seven. She won her first international table tennis medal in 1999 at the disabled World Championships. At the age of 11, she competed at the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, becoming the world's youngest ever Paralympian. In 2004, she won a gold medal in the singles event and silver in the team event at the Athens Paralympics.
Partyka competed for Poland both the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing - one of only two athletes to do so, the other being Natalie du Toit in swimming. They were her third Paralympic Games, and her first Olympics. Competing in class 10 at the Beijing Paralympics, she won gold by defeating China's Fan Lei by three sets to nil. In 2008, she won a gold medal in the singles event and a silver in the team event at the Beijing Paralympics, repeating her Athens Paralympics result.